The Age of Consent in Canada is 16 years old. The age of consent is the minimum age at which an individual is considered legally old enough to consent to participation in sexual activity. Individuals aged 15 or younger in Canada are not legally able to consent to sexual activity, and such activity may result in prosecution for statutory rape or the equivalent local law. Canada statutory rape law is violated when an individual has consensual sexual intercourse with a person under age There are two close in age exemptions. One allows a minor aged 12 or 13 to consent to sexual congress with an individual less then two years older. The other allows 14 and 16 year olds to consent to partners less than 5 years older. The age of consent is raised to 18 when the older party is in a position of trust or authority over the other, the younger party is in a relationship of dependency with the owner, or if the relationship is exploitative.
2. Identifying sexual harassment
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In fact, intimate relationships between consenting colleagues are not illegal per se. However, employers in Ontario have a strict legal obligation.
To help protect youth from sexual predators and to fight child sexual exploitation, which has become increasingly prominent in the age of the Internet, the Government of Canada has passed new legislation increasing the age of consent for sexual activity. From until recently, the age at which a youth could consent to nonexploitative sexual activity was 14 years 1. With the recent change to the criminal code of Canada, the age of consent for nonexploitative sexual activity is now 16 years.
Nonexploitative activity is defined as sexual activity that does not involve prostitution or pornography, and where there is no relationship of trust, authority or dependency between the persons involved 1. A coach, spiritual leader, teacher, school principal, guidance counsellor or family member are all examples of persons in a position of trust or authority with youth. For exploitative sexual activity prostitution or pornography, or where there is a relationship of trust, authority or dependency , the age of consent is 18 years.
For youth under 18 years old, there are different rules for when you can legally consent to sexual activity, depending on your age. Read more below about what Canadian law says about what age you have to be to give valid consent to sexual activity. In Canada, for any sexual activity or sexual touching to be legal, it has to be done with the voluntarily permission of every person involved.
College of Chiropractors of Ontario. INTENT. To inform patient. Sexualizing a professional relationship is against the law. In Ontario, the Regulated period of time as may be prescribed from the date on which the individual ceased to be the.
Companion Resource: Advice to the Profession. Together with the Practice Guide and relevant legislation and case law, they will be used by the College and its Committees when considering physician practice or conduct. There are both sexual boundaries and non-sexual boundaries within a physician-patient relationship. Patient : In general, a factual inquiry must be made to determine whether a physician-patient relationship exists, and when it ends. The longer the physician-patient relationship and the more dependency involved, the longer the relationship will endure.
Therefore, physicians must not engage in sexual relations with a patient or engage in sexual behaviour or make remarks of a sexual nature towards their patient during this time period. For further information about maintaining appropriate boundaries, please see the Advice to the Profession: Maintaining Appropriate Boundaries document. Touching, behaviour or remarks of a clinical nature appropriate to the service provided do not constitute sexual abuse Subsections 1 3 and 4 of the HPPC. It is an act of professional misconduct for a physician to sexually abuse a patient Section 51 1 , paragraph b.
Such activity constitutes sexual abuse under the HPPC. For more information about obtaining consent, please see the Advice to the Profession: Maintaining Appropriate Boundaries Advice document. Intimate exam includes breast, pelvic, genital, perineal, perianal and rectal examinations of patients. The HPPC provides for mandatory revocation for specific acts of sexual abuse including sexual intercourse.
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The legal age of consent to sexual activity refers to the age at which the criminal law recognizes the legal capacity of a young person to provide such consent. This paper presents many of the offences in Canada related to the age of consent to sexual activity, as well as some of the legal issues connected with them. Consent is not a defence, however, when, for example, it is obtained by use of threats or force or when a person is incapable of giving consent.
One example is that of pornography. A number of other offences where the age of the victim determines whether that particular offence has been committed are set out below. This is a hybrid offence, with a mandatory minimum sentence of imprisonment for one year upon indictment or six months upon summary conviction.
For youth under 18 years old, there are different rules for when you can legally consent to sexual activity, depending on your age. Read more.
The age of majority in Canada is the age at which a person is considered by law to be an adult. A person younger than the age of majority is considered a “minor child. At the age of majority, the responsibility of parents, guardians, or child protective services generally ends. However, child support is determined by the court or agreement for each case and therefore may continue past the age of majority. Upon reaching the age of majority, the new adult now has the right to vote.
Other rights may be achieved at younger ages, while some are reserved for ages past the age of majority. The age of majority in the individual provinces and territories of Canada is as follows:. The legal age is set for various rights and activities and is also known as the age of license.
Brochure: Respect Sexual Consent
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Canada statutory rape law is violated when an individual has consensual sexual intercourse with a person under age There are two close in age exemptions.
Physicians should be guided by legislation in each province and territory on their duty to report such activity to the appropriate authorities if there are reasonable grounds to believe the child is being abused. A member-physician called the CMPA asking if he had a duty to report the following situation to the police or to the child protection agency:. A year-old school girl requested a prescription for the birth control pill.
She revealed that she was sexually active with several boyfriends who are not using condoms, and that her current boyfriend is 27 years old. He is neither a teacher nor a coach, and is not in a position of authority. There is no history of violence in their relationship. Her parents are divorced and she has just recently moved to live with her father. The age of consent for exploitive activity prostitution, pornography or relationship of trust, authority or dependency is 18 years.
For this activity, the law permits the following:. For example, if a physician suspects that a youth is engaging in sexual activity with a person who is older than the exempted age difference, the physician may be required to report this information to a child protection agency, particularly where the child’s parent is unwilling or unable to protect the child. A similar reporting duty may exist if the physician suspects a child under the age of 12 is engaged in any sexual activity.
The physician will wish to consider many factors including the extent to which the child is at risk of sexual abuse or exploitation, and the nature of the relationship with the parents. CMPA members have raised the issue of whether it is permitted to discuss with parents a child’s consenting sexual relations. If in the physician’s judgment the patient is a mature minor, the physician cannot inform the parents without the patient’s consent.
Dating in the workplace – Your rights
Can dating a co-worker put your job in jeopardy? There really are no hard and fast rules when it comes to inter-office relationships. In fact, intimate relationships between consenting colleagues are not illegal per se. However, employers in Ontario have a strict legal obligation to ensure that their workplaces are discrimination and harassment-free.
This alone is enough of a reason for employers to be very apprehensive about condoning any form of inter-office relationships and for employees to be cautious if pursuing a relationship within the workplace. It is important for both employees and employers to consult an employment lawyer or their HR department with any questions on how to deal with relationships in the workplace.
The law and consent. The legal age of consent in Canada is 16 years old. Exceptions: Persons under 16 years can have consensual sex with.
This booklet contains information about the law as it was at the time it was written. The law can change. Check the Ministry of the Attorney General website at www. This booklet does not contain legal advice or replace the specialized advice of lawyers or other experts. This booklet is about family law in Ontario. It contains information about the laws that may affect you if you separate. These issues include the care andsupport of your children, support for you or your spouse and the division of your property.
Before making important decisions, you should understand your rights and obligations. Family law can be complicated and a booklet cannot possibly answer all your questions or tell you everything you need to know. There are many ways you can inform yourself about the law and your options. Generally Ontario family law applies equally to couples who are of the same or opposite sex. If you are separated or are thinking of separating, it is a good idea to speak to a lawyer about your situation.
A lawyer can give you specific information about the law and tell you how it might affect you.
What You Need To Know About Dating In The Workplace
Dating during the divorce is a much more complicated matter. Although, in most cases the law in Ontario requires a couple to separate for a period of at least one year, before being eligible to apply for divorce; beginning or continuing an extra-marital relationship during that time is not advisable. A Toronto divorce lawyer will forewarn you that there may be personal and legal consequences.
Family law in Canada: Ontario: overview. Paola Loriggio. Filed under News Canada. Refusing to wear a condom after agreeing sexual is sexual assault, Ontario.
Stay informed with legal news, advice, and educational articles. Answer your complex questions, and explore the latest trends in law. The first and most important thing to know is that any and all sexual activity requires consent from your partner. If your partner does not consent to intercourse or any other touching, age is irrelevant to whether or not you are criminally liable. In Canada that age is 16 years old.
This means that as long as someone is 16 years old and the sexual activity is consensual, there is no criminal liability. Sexual contact with anyone under this age may be criminal, subject to a few exceptions. The reality of growing up is that sometimes teenagers will have consensual sexual activity with one another.